Ancient 19 Century Mansions in Kiev

Ancient Lipki Mansions

The magic attractiveness of the Kiev bourgeoisie.

I invite you to take a walk along the streets of Lipki – the historic district of Kiev, which has long gained the glory of the “nest” of the Kiev elite and the residence of the highest local administration. This is the most prestigious area where representatives of the higher society have been living since the Soviet times. “The upper crust” settled here a long time ago to be closer to the royal palace. Mariinsky palace, the houses of the governor-general and the civilian governor were located in this area.

We may include Lipki area to our route on the way back from the Kiev Pechersk Lavra. Let me know your interests and I create a Kiev tour that meets your expectations!

In the late 80’s – early 90’s of the 19th century in Lipki area were erected stone mansions, palaces of the bankers, entrepreneurs. Given the fact that Kiev was the “sugar capital” of the Russian Empire, it is not surprising that the most luxurious Kiev mansions belonged to sugar entrepreneurs. Nowadays Lipki is also the center of political life, where the Administration of the President, the National Bank of Ukraine, the Verkhovna Rada and other government institutions are located.

  • Klovsky Palace
Klovsky palace

Klovsky Palace – one of the two ancient Kiev palaces. Its construction began in 1744 and lasted 11 years.

Klovsky palace

Nowadays the palace is given over to the Supreme Court of Ukraine.

It was planned to allocate here the residence of the Lavra high clergy, and in special cases, during the visits of Empress Elizabeth Alexeevna to Kiev, it was supposed to keep apartments for her here. Almost simultaneously with the Klovskiy Palace, the Mariinsky Palace was hastily erected nearby. The sovereigns preferred the Mariinsky Palace to the Klovsky Palace. In the palace, rejected by the empress, were located the Lavra printing house, the hospital, the women’s school of theology and, then, different other organizations and institutions.

  • Bunge Municipal primary school
Bunge Municipal primary school

Bunge Municipal primary school, 1904. On the first floor in three classrooms studied 50 boys and in the separate classes studied 50 girls. On the ground floor lived servicemen of the school.

  • “Arab house” or Kowalewski mansion
Kowalewaski build mansion

Kowalewski mansion designed by architect P.Aleshin was built in 1911-1914.

Following the tastes of his time, the architect gives the mansion the appearance of a medieval castle, with the predominance of elements of Romanesque style in the decoration of the facades. Noticeably is the influence of the church architecture of South Caucasus, which Aleshin visited shortly before the designing of the mansion. One of the rooms of the mansion is very original, it was designed and decorated completely imitating a railway compartment, as Mr.Kowalewski met with his wife in the train.

Kowalewski mansion

  • Rental house of Merchant A. Bubnov
Rental house of Merchant A. Bubnov

Rental house of Merchant A. Bubnov, 1908

Arseniy Bubnov built a house in the Renaissance style in 1908. The merchant’s family occupied one apartment in the house, and the rest of the apartments were leased. The enterprising merchant decided to encourage customers with the help of a richly decorated facade in the Renaissance style. There appeared heads of lions with open mouths, balconies, pilasters in the form of pseudo-columns, framed by arches of windows. Among the customers who rented apartments from Bubnov were many scientists and professors.

  • “Chocolate house”
Chocolate house

Nowadays the “Chocolate house” is a branch office of the Kiev Museum of Russian Art

The history of the “Chocolate house” goes back to 1899, when the merchant of the first guild and a well-known patron of art, Semen Mogilevtsev, purchased a part of the estate with an area of 321 square meters. Later, on this place, the famous Kiev architect Vladimir Nikolaev built a luxurious two-story “Chocolate house”, accomplished in the spirit of the Renaissance palazzo.

Of course, this house is chocolate only architecturally – its external facade is richly brown with numerous sculptural ornaments which very much like a bar of tasty refined chocolate.

  • “Gingerbread house” or “Pink house”
Gingerbread house or pink house

Gingerbread house or pink house was built in 1901 – 1902

The first owner of the “Gingerbread House” was Baron Ikskyul von Gildenband. Do not be misled that the baron was a certain German nobleman. His name was Vladimir, and he was a native Kievan, an officer of the Pechersk fortress from the well-known Russified dynasty of Germany. He decided to build a rental house looking like an awesome mansion – a relatively small, luxury, with expensive apartments. One of the apartments in such rental mansions was usually occupied by the owner. The famous Kiev architect Nikolai Vishnevsky created this Gothic palace with lancet arches, turrets, spires, balconies, and stunning medieval doors. The Baron’s family owned another homestead in Kiev, where nowadays is located the building of the Embassy of the Federal Republic of Germany in Ukraine.

  • National Bank of Ukraine
National bank of Ukraine

National Bank of Ukraine – one of the most interesting and beautiful buildings in Lipki area.

The modern premises, which we see now, began to be built in 1902. The appearance of the National Bank impresses with its splendor. Stained-glass windows, towers, balconies and twisted columns, marble columns, rizalitas, masks in the form of lion’s heads, mythical griffins – all of this is breathtaking. According to its artistic qualities, the building of the National Bank is considered to be one of the best among the Kiev buildings of the 20th century.

BEST KIEV GUIDE invites you to the Aristocratic Lipki. Pechersk Mansions Tour. Let’s have a wonderful walk along these amazing buildings together!

About

My name is Victoria, I’m a certified Kiev private tour guide, founder and inspirer of www.bestkievguide.com. Being deeply interested in the history and culture of Ukraine, I’m happy to share this knowledge with my tourists.

Posted in It's all about Kyiv
2 comments on “Ancient 19 Century Mansions in Kiev
  1. Ray says:

    There’s also in that area the weeping widow mansion,decorated with a sad woman’s face that looks crying when it rains,if I’m not mistaken) In general, Kyiv is just lovely to wander around

    • Victoria says:

      You are absolutely right! It’s very close to Lipki area, this mansion has two main entrances: the main – from the street Lutheranska Str., and the other – from the Bankova Str.
      That’s incredible, but if you look at the house in the rain, you can see how to face the mysterious tears flow. And once it becomes clear why it is called the “House of the Weeping Widow.” Scientists are still arguing about who owns the female face: a mystical bird, Medusa or the Indian goddess Lakshmi. There is a theory that the person is the wife of Sergey Arshavsky that longed for her husband for five years after his death.

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