Kiev Pechersk Lavra Tour
National Kyiv-Pechersk Historical and Cultural Reserve
Duration: 2,5-3 hours
Kiev Pechersk Lavra is the famous Orthodox monastery, one of the oldest and most important Old Russian monastery, the main place of religious worship for Ukrainian and Russian Orthodox, a unique architectural ensemble. The territory of the complex occupies 28 hectares of grassy hills above the Dnipro River. Kiev Pechersk Lavra caves is the system of underground passages, divided into two parts — Far and Near Caves. The monks who lived in the caves were also buried there after their death. There are remains of Chronicle Nestor the author of the «Story of bygone years», Ilya Muromets — Old Russian epic hero and the relics of imperishable Lavra saints. In the caves lived hermit monks, who devoted their whole lives to prayers. They deliberately enclosed themselves in the damp walls of cave passages in the complete darkness. Through the small holes that had remained in the walls they got water and some simple food.
The Chronicle tells that the first “small cave” on the Dnieper slopes was dug out by the monk Hilarion, who was close to Prince Yaroslav the Wise. The monk dug out the cave to retire in his prayer there. After becoming a Metropolitan, St. Hilarion stopped visiting the cave, and soon, between 1051-54, it was occupied by a hermit Antony. At the end of the XVII century in the Kiev-Pechersk Lavra was held a grand stone construction. In the XIX – the beginning of XX century the architectural ensemble of Kiev-Pechersk Lavra acquired its perfection. The Lavra played a major role in the cultural history of Russia and Ukraine. More than once the Lavra buildings were destroyed (in 1718 a horrible fire devastated the monastery, and under Nazi occupation of 1941-1943), but every time the Lavra rose from ashes. Now there is an acting congregation on the territory of Lavra. It has been on the UNESCO Register of World Heritage since 1990.
You will see the highlights:
- The Near and the Far Caves;
- The church of the Holy Dormition Kiev-Pechersk Lavra;
- The Great Lavra Belltower;
- The Gate Church of the Trinity;
- The Refectory Church;