Victory over Nazism in WWII
At dawn on June 22, 1941, fascist Germany and its allies (Italy, Hungary, Romania, Finland) treacherously attacked the Soviet Union, without presenting any claims, without declaring war. It was an unprecedented blow of 190 divisions, about 3,000 tanks, more than 43,000 guns and mortars, about 5,000 aircraft, up to 200 ships. The Great Patriotic War of the Soviet people against the German fascist aggressors began. The first cities which were bombed by German aviation Vitebsk, Kovno, Zhitomir, Kiev, Sevastopol. Ukraine with its enormous raw materials resources and fertile lands became the epicenter of the battles.
Hitler perceived the war against the USSR as a matter of life or death, “Sein oder Nichtsein” – to be or not to be. Operation “Barbarossa” was a plan of a crusade, an ideological “holy war”, aimed at the destruction of the Soviet people, of all the foundations of its existence. For the Ukrainians, Russians, Belorussians and other Soviet peoples, the Great Patriotic War was really a struggle for their historical existence. The total irreversible human losses of Ukraine in this war, including those killed, died in concentration camps, starved to death, evacuated, sent to labor works to Germany make up to 14 million people. From January 1, 1941, to January 1, 1945, the population of Ukraine decreased from 40, 9 million to 27 million people.
Victory Day is a national holiday in Ukraine on May 9 and since 2017 on May 8. It is a memorable day when all Ukrainians honor the heroic feat of the Ukrainian people, their outstanding contribution to the victory over the Anti-Hitler Coalition in World War II, express respect, solidarity and honor to all fighters against Nazism. Ukrainians never forget those who fell on the fields of battle and didn’t live till the memorable Victory Day.
Each year on the May 9 and since 2017 on May 8 hundreds of Kievans and guests of the city visit the National Museum of the History of Ukraine in the WWII. We never forget. We remember.
At the cost of inhuman efforts, during this retreat near Kiev, Soviet troops managed to detain the enemy for more than two months. This is how the “Barbarossa” plan was disrupted. The chief of the ground forces, Franz Halder, said: “We lost the war near Kiev.”